Статьи о животных » Беспозвоночные » Мексиканский красноколенный паук-птицеед (Brachypelma Smithi)
Ползущий по спящему человеку, огромный паук, который вот-вот впрыснет свой яд прямо в сонную артерию… Особенно любят подобные картины режиссеры и сценаристы. Возможно, благодаря такому амплуа паукообразных, людей страдающих арахнофобией становится все больше. Да и как же не бояться! Эти огромные пауки нападают на людей! А укус может убить человека за считанные секунды! Не зря говорят – «у страха глаза велики», вот уж чем хорошо пользуются создатели фильмов-ужасов. Не хочу вас разочаровывать, но на самом деле яд большинства пауков-птицеедов (именно их чаще всего используют в съемке фильмов, причем самые безобидные и спокойные виды) не намного токсичнее, скажем, осы или пчелы. Да и нападать на человека они будут в самом крайнем случае, а скорее постараются убежать и спрятаться. Кстати, паук-птицеед – это не видовое название! И это не второе название тарантула! Птицееды – подотряд пауков включающий в себя более 1,5 тыс. видов, в большинстве своем обитателей тропиков, отличающихся окраской и образом жизни.
К чему я заговорила о пауках? Просто в этой статье я хочу познакомить вас с девушкой Дарьей Крикуновой из Челябинска и ее необычным домашним питомцем, мексиканским красноколенным пауком-птицеедом (Brachypelma Smithi). Возможно, кому-то выбор паука в качестве домашнего животного покажется диким, надеюсь, к концу статьи вы измените свое мнение.
Как и многим, Дарье очень хотелось иметь домашнее животное, но ввиду отсутствия свободного времени, завести, к примеру, кошку или собаку не представлялось возможным. Паук стал отличной альтернативой обычных домашних питомцев: выгул ему не нужен, внимания тоже, места занимает немного, не шумит, шерсть и перья с него не сыплются, а вот удовольствия за ним наблюдать – масса (одна линька чего стоит!). Назвали паука Смитькой (производное от видового названия, лат. Smithi). Определить пол паука – задачка не из легких, но после некоторого изучения экзувия (сброшенной во время линьки «шкурки»), Дарья склоняется к тому, что это самка. У птицееда уже было около 12 линек, причем с каждой линькой окрас его становится более насыщенным и красивым, особенно яркими становятся оранжевые полоски на лапках. Надо отметить, что пауки растут всю жизнь, когда старая «шкурка» становится мала, они сбрасывают ее. Содержат Смитьку в террариуме-переноске размером 37,5х24х26 см. Для данного вида, такие размеры террариума оптимальны. В качестве подстилки используется кокосовый субстрат (высота грунта должна быть не менее 5 см, чтобы у паука была возможность рыть ямы). В условиях постоянной влажности (которую необходимо поддерживать в террариуме), данный вид субстрата хорошо сдерживает рост бактерий и плесени. В террариуме также есть небольшая емкость с водой и керамический декоративный череп, для эстетики =) Генеральную уборку с полной сменой субстрата Дарья проводит раз в полгода. Остатки паучьей трапезы убираются после каждой кормежки. Кстати, питается птицеед вовсе не птицами, как можно подумать из названия, а беспозвоночными. Подойдут любые кормовые насекомые: сверчки, тараканы, личинки зофобаса. Стоит обратить внимание на то, что размер кормового объекта не должен превышать длины брюшка паука. Дарья составляет рацион своего паука в зависимости от наличия живого корма в зоомагазине. За один раз Смитька съедает одного - двух насекомых. Если он уже приступил к трапезе, второй прыгающий или бегающий будет его раздражать, поэтому в большинстве случаев, паук съедает обоих. Когда пища находится в хелицерах (так называемых «клыках») птицеед забавно "танцует брюшком", переставляя лапками и плетя в это время паутинку-подстилку на субстрате. Он может бросить свою добычу, оплести паутиной, а потом вновь продолжить трапезу. Запасов еды он не делает. Кормит Дарья своего паука 1 раз в неделю, если сильно голодный, то может покормить 2 раза. Перед линькой паук обычно перестает есть. В это время в террариуме не должно быть насекомых, так как во время линьки паук беззащитен перед ними.
Птицеед Brachypelma Smithi не сложен в содержании, достаточно крупный (7-8 см), обладает ярким окрасом ног – все это делает паука весьма привлекательным домашним питомцем, но что немаловажно – этот вид достаточно спокойный, не агрессивный, а скорее даже боязливый. Хотя «когда Смитька голодный, он может атаковать даже струйку воды, которая попадает к нему в террариум для увлажнения субстрата. С каждой линькой он проявляет больше агрессии на любое внедрение на его территорию» - рассказывает Дарья. Паук – существо достаточно скрытное и предпочитает покой, поэтому любое ваше желание общения с ним, такое как взять в руки, выгнать из укрытия, подуть на него, вызывает у птицееда стресс. Если вам ну очень хочется взять паука в руки, помните, вероятность быть укушенным данным видом мала, но если паук решит защищаться, то скорее произведет сбрасывание задними лапками волосков с брюшка. Эти мелкие волоски вызывают очень сильный зуд и аллергическую реакцию. Еще стоит учесть, что если вы вдруг напугаетесь, дернете рукой, и паук упадет, высока вероятность гибели паука из-за разрыва брюшка.
Из-за всего вышеперечисленного: не стоит оставлять террариум с пауком без присмотра, если в доме есть дети или другие домашние животные.
Ну и последнее, что хотелось бы добавить в «копилочку плюсов» - продолжительность жизни птицеедов может доходить до 20 лет. Срок их жизни зависит главным образом от пола и условий содержания. Самки живут значительно дольше самцов.
Что ж, на этом, пожалуй, хочу закончить эту статью, а уж быть арахнокипером (любителем пауков) или нет – выбирать вам!
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